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Showing posts from 2016

Stuff EPDRF Don't Want You to know about Sidama

Photo from  UNESCO "Today, the Sidama area has only a small number of schools, and inadequate health services, though primary education has increased recently. The people have repeatedly complained that Sidama does not have regional autonomy in the country and asked for the government to give the Sidama people their own region." Demographics They number 12 million (4.01% of the population) of whom 149,480 are urban inhabitants, the third most populous ethnic group in Ethiopia. Their language is called Sidaamu-afoo , which according to the 1994 national census was the mother language of 99.5% of this ethnic group. According to one authority, the majority of the Sidama practice their traditional beliefs, and only in the 1960s that European missionaries came to their region did any leave that faith. However, according to the 1994 national census, only 14.9% practice traditional beliefs while the majority (66.8%) are Protestant , 7.7% Muslim , 4.6% Catholic , and

Shifting Towards Bio-Gas to Encourage Afforestation: Best practices that observed in Wondo Genet woreda should be replicated in other villages across the country

Photo Recently, this writer met Abebe Bedasso who resides in Sheha Gekele Kebele, Wondo Genet Woreda in South Nation and Nationalities and Peoples State. When we arrived at his home, he had been preparing coffee bean for sale. He left his work behind and took us to a place where there was a big hole found at the back of his house. This writer asked him, "What is it?" He replied then "a bio-gas." Previously, his neighbors had been using enormous firewood to meet their daily energy demand. They did not realize the great impact the deforestation can bring on the environment. Unlike the previous days, things seem to change. Thanks to bio-gas; the forest has not been denatured to ash. When Abebe was asked the purpose of the bio-gas. He responded, "I am using bio-gas to cook every thing, except Injera." But, still he uses much of firewood to cook Injera due to lack of oven. Bio-gas has also been serving him to cook other foods and as a lamp for their

Sidama Coffee

SCFCU was founded in 2001 and represents 51 cooperatives and more than 76,000 small-scale farmer families. photo Coffees produced by SCFCU member cooperatives are shade grown in low densities under the canopies of indigenous trees and enset (false banana), a staple food crop for Sidama families. The Sidama region stretches across the rugged mountains of Bensa to the valleys of Dale and Aleta Wendo – which provide a range of quality profiles that exemplify this wealth of production landscapes. Sidama washed coffees show pronounced acidity, fruit flavors varying from red fruits to blueberry and sweet organic to tangy lemon aromas and flavors, medium body and a bitter cocoa finish. In Sidama regions of higher altitudes – often called “Yirgacheffe type” coffees – the coffee shows the characteristic and delicate flavors of bergamot and lemon zest. Sidamo natural (dry) process provides a quality profile with candied strawberry or blueberry fruit flavors, low acidity and rich

በእሳት አደጋ ከሁለት ልጆቹ ጋር ህይወቱ ያለፈው የሀዋሳ ከተማው ግብ ጠባቂ ክብረአብ የቀብር ስነ ስርዓት ተፈፀመ

  ( ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ ) በእሳት አደጋ ከሁለት ልጆቹ ጋር ህይወቱ በአሳዛኝ ሁኔታ ያለፈው የሀዋሳ ከተማው ክለብ ግብ ጠባቂ ክብረአብ ዳዊት የቀብር ስነ ስርዓት ዛሬ ተፈፀመ።  የተጫዋቹ የቀብር ስነ ስርዓት በሃዋሳ ቅዱስ ስላሴ ቤተክርስቲያን ነው የተፈፀመው። ከትናንት በስቲያ ሌሊት በመኖሪያ ቤቱ በተነሳ የእሳት አደጋ ክብረአብ እና የሶስት አመት ሴት እና የወራት እድሜ ያለው ወንድ ልጁ በተኙበት በእሳት ቃጠሎው ህይወታቸው አልፏል። በአካባቢው የተቃጠለው የክብረአብ መኖሪያ ቤት ብቻ እንደሆነና ፖሊስ የአደጋውን መንስኤ በማጣራት ላይ እንደሚገኝ ያገኘነው መረጃ ያመለክታል። ክብረአብ ዳዊት በሀዋሳ ከተማ ከ2007 ጀምሮ በተጠባባቂ ግብ ጠባቂነት እየተጫወተ የነበረ ሲሆን በ2007 በማርያኖ ባሬቶ በሚመራው የኢትዮጵያ ከ23 አመት በታች ብሄራዊ ቡድን ተካትቶ ሱዳንን በገጠመው ቡድን ቋሚ ተሰላፊ ነበር።

ኢዴፓ አንድ ጠንካራ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ እንዲፈጠር ጠየቀ

 አዴፓ በሃገሪቱ አንድ ጠንካራ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ እንዲፈጠር ለተቃዋሚዎች፣ ለምሁራንና ለህዝቡ ጥያቄ ያቀረበ ሲሆን በሚቀጥሉት 6 ወራት ይህን ውጥን እውን ለማድረግ በትጋት እንደሚሰራም አስታውቋል፡፡  ‹‹ጠንካራ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ መፍጠር የወቅቱ ቀዳሚና አንገብጋቢ ጥያቄ ነው›› በሚል ፓርቲው ለአዲስ አድማስ በላከው መግለጫ፤ ኢዴፓ የራሱን ጠቅላላ ጉባኤ ለማዘጋጀት ኮሚቴ አቋቁሞ እየተንቀሣቀሰ መሆኑን በመግለፅ ህዝቡ ድጋፉን እንዲሰጠው ጠይቋል፡፡ ‹‹ህዝቡ ባልተደራጀና ባልተቀናጀ ሁኔታ በሃይልና በነውጥ ጭምር እያደረገ ያለው እንቅስቃሴ የሚፈለገውን ለውጥ ሊያመጣ አይችልም›› ያለው ፓርቲው፤ ከዚህ ስጋት በመነሣት ኢዴፓ  ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎችና ምሁራን የህዝቡን ትግል በአግባቡ የሚመራ ጠንካራ ፓርቲ ለመፍጠር ተግተው መስራት አለባቸው ብሏል፡፡  ቀጣዮቹን 6 ወራት በመጠቀምም ፓርቲው ተጠናክሮ ሊመጣ የሚያስችለውን ጥረት ሁሉ እያደረገ መሆኑን በመግለፅ፤ የጉዳዩ ባለቤት የሆነው ህዝብ፣ መንግስትና ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ድጋፍ እንዲያደርጉለት ጠይቋል፡፡  መንግስት አንድ ጠንካራ ፓርቲ እንዲፈጠር ተገቢውን ድጋፍ ሊያደርግ ይገባል ያለው ኢዴፓ፤ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ውስጣዊ ድክመታቸውን በሃቅ በመገምገምና፣ ራሳቸውን በጥራት በማጠናከር፣ ከእርስ በእርስ መጠላለፍና መነቋቆር ወጥተው አንድ መሆን አለባቸው ብሏል፡፡ ‹‹ኢዴፓ በዚህ አጀንዳ እውን መሆን የሚሠጠው ትኩረት ከፍተኛ ነው›› ያለው መግለጫው፤ የፓርቲን ደንብና መመሪያ እንዲሁም ፕሮግራም ከማሻሻል ጀምሮ የፓርቲውን ስያሜ እስከመቀየርና የተናጥል ህልውናውን እስከ ማክሰም የሚደርስ እርምጃ ለመውሠድ ዝግጁ መሆኑን ጠቁሟል፡፡ ይህን የሚያደርገውም አንድ ጠንካራ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ በመፍጠር መሆኑን የጠቀሰው ኢዴፓ፤ የሃገሪቱ ምሁራንም ዳር ቆመው ከመታዘብና

Isolation, identification and characterization of yeast species from coffee waste collected from Sidama and Gedio zone

  ABSTRACT Coffee waste represents the most abundant waste in Ethiopia, this study aims to isolate, identify and characterize yeast from coffee waste in order to utilize in the biotechnological process. 25 merged coffee waste samples were collected from Sidama and Gedio zone. Yeast strain was cultured on yeast peptone dextrose and Biolog universal yeast agar media. Pure yeast cells were suspended in sterile water at 49+ turbidity, 100 µ L and transferred into 96 wells of the biolog yeast micro Plate and incubated at 26°C for 24 to 72 h and read by the Micro Station Reader at a single wavelength of 590 nm, results were recorded and processed for identification by micro log3 software ver. 4.20.05. Biolog microstation  acceptable  result  ≥ 75% Probability and  ≥ 0.5 similarity index value identified 5 yeast species, Hanseiaspora valbyensis, (100%PROB,0.707SIM,), Hyphopichia burtonii A (98%PROB,0.060SIM), Rhodotorula hylophila (98%PROB, 0.060SIM), Rhodotrula aurantiaca A (100% PRO